Wednesday, December 06, 2006

Gender differences with nicotine, alcohol

Women who smoke are more vulnerable to lung cancer than men. Women find it harder to quit smoking than men. Nicotine patches often don't work as well for women as for men, but the stop-smoking medication naltrexone is just the opposite: it appears to work better for women.

These are among the findings of a series of new studies focusing on gender differences important in medical treatment. News story. The Society for Women's Health Research has a web site dedicated to this issue. Among its findings:
Alcohol – Women produce less of the gastric enzyme that breaks down ethanol in the stomach. Therefore, after consuming the same amount of alcohol, women have higher blood alcohol content than men, even allowing for size differences.

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